Few weeks ago I solved a great KVM escaping challenge from TWCTF hosted by @TokyoWesterns. I have given a writeup on my blog: [Write-up] TokyoWesterns CTF 2018 - pwn240+300+300 EscapeMe, but it mentions nothing about KVM because there's no bug (at least I didn't find) around it.
Most introduction articles of KVM I found are actually introducing either libvirt or qemu, lack of how to utilize KVM directly, that's why I have this post.
This thread is a good start to implement a simple KVM program. Some projects such as kvm-hello-world and kvmtool are worthy to take a look as well. And OSDev.org has great resources to learn system architecture knowledge.
In this post I will introduce how to use KVM directly and how it works, wish this article can be a quick start for beginners learning KVM.
I've created a public repository for the source code of KVM-based hypervisor and the kernel: david942j/kvm-kernel-example. You can clone and try it after reading this article.
Warning: all code in this post may be simplified to clearly show its function, if you want to write some code, I highly recommend you read examples in the repository instead of copy-paste code from here.